Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are the measures by which the development, performance or position of the business can be measured effectively.

The Group Board reviews the KPIs annually and updates them where appropriate.

KPI 2018 Performance 2017 Performance

1. Excludes mortality reserve releases (2018: £433m, 2017: £332m). 2018 mortality release of £433m from LGR’s £44.5bn of net longevity exposure relates to changes in longevity improvement assumptions to align to CMI 2016 tables.

2. Excludes Mature Savings and Legal & General Netherlands

3. Earnings per share is calculated by dividing profit after tax attributable to equity holders of the Company, by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the period. Represents profit before tax attributable to equity holders. Excluding mortality releases and one-off US tax benefit, 2017 EPS is 24.74p (2016: 23.10p).

4. These are ‘Alternative Performance Measures’

Operating profit1 £2,355m £2,055m
Net release from continuing operations2 £1,396m £1,352m
Earnings per share3 30.79p 31.87p
Return on equity 22.7% 25.6%
Full year dividend 16.42p 15.35p
Profit before tax (PBT) attributable to equity holders £2,128m £2,090m
Worldwide employee engagement index 72% 77%
Total shareholder return (TSR)
(Over the three year period ended 31 December)
3% 29%
Solvency II capital surplus 4 £6.9bn £6.9bn
Solvency II capital coverage ratio (shareholder basis)4 188% 189%
Standard & Poor's financial strength AA- AA-